Pre Science Intl | The Science of Braces
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The Science of Braces

types of braces

The Science of Braces

Different Types Of Braces

Not everyone is born with perfect teeth, and that’s where orthodontic treatments are available for both adults and children. Here are some of the different types of braces that you can use to correct your orthodontic issues.

• Traditional Braces

Previously traditional braces were heavier and a few structural differences to what’s in use today. They are now lighter and manufactured using very high-quality stainless steel. They also have a metal bracket attached to each tooth using a specific type of cement. They are then linked to each other using a very thin arch-wire putting some pressure on the teeth forcing them to correct themselves accordingly.

There are o-rings or ligatures which are tiny elastics that connect the arch-wires to the brackets. The orthodontist changes these ligatures every time the braces are tightened. However, some traditional braces don’t require these ligatures and are referred to as self-litigating braces.

Damon Braces

They have become quite popular because they require fewer dental visits and gentler treatment options. They are self-litigating with a slide mechanism for connecting to arch-wires rather than elastics. They produce faster results because the teeth correct themselves on their own without any adjustments necessary. There are less pressure and friction on the teeth as well as less painful movement. Damon braces are easy to clean and are also cheap compared to other types because there are fewer visits to the dentist.

• Ceramic Braces

They have a similar function to the traditional braces, but the brackets are manufactured from clear and transparent ceramic material. These braces are popular because they are less visible to others. The plastics are likely to become discolored frequently causing some marks on your teeth. If you choose these types of braces for your orthodontic treatment, your dentist should recommend the use of products such as Colgate to prevent cavities from forming on your teeth.

• Aligners (Clear And Removable)

Rather than using the traditional, ceramic or Damon braces, you can always opt for Invisalign which is a clear aligner. It is a group of clear plastic aligners that look like mouth guards custom made for you. When you’re eating or cleaning them, it’s prudent to remove them and also change them every two weeks for a new customized one. With each new aligner, the adjustment of your teeth is taken to the next step. Once you have completed your orthodontic treatment, you should also continue using these aligners. That’s because they will maintain the results you’re hoping for with your teeth until they have settled down completely without any further movement.

• Forsus Appliances

These are often used on children to correct overbites. They have become preferable by many dentists and orthodontists because they have replaced the use of headgear for braces. The appliance is simply a spring which is worn on the cheeks and attaches to the braces in place to adjust the lower or upper jaw accordingly.

Other types of braces currently in use include palatal expanders, especially for people with overcrowded teeth.